Ph.D. (City and Regional Planning) University of Pennsylvania   Dissertation: Multidimensional Scaling in Simulation of Location: An Analytic Hierarchy Systems Approach (University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor)

M.A. (City and Regional Planning) University of Pennsylvania

Civil Engineering (Transportation) Carnegie-Melon University

M.Arch. (Environmental Systems) Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

B.Arch. (Architecture) Cum Laude, Miami University                American Institute of Architects, Award for Scholarly Pursuit in the Field of Architecture

Department of City and Regional Planning, School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy, University of Memphis