Thomas King Dissertation Final Defense



The College of Education

Announces the Final Examination of

Thomas Kristian King

for the degree of

Doctor of Education

March 18, 2016 at 2:00 pm

406 Ball Hall, University of Memphis

Memphis, TN


Biographical Sketch

Business Administration (BBA), Business, Delta State University

Business Administration (MBA), Business, Delta State University

Advisory Committee

Trey Martindale, Ed.D, Associate Professor, Instruction and Curriculum Leadership, Committee chair

Deborah Lowther, Ph.D., Professor Chair (Retired), Instruction and Curriculum Leadership

Lee Allen, Associate Professor & Interim Chair, Instruction and Curriculum Leadership

Carmen Weaver, Assistant Professor, Instruction and Curriculum Leadership

Major Field of Study

Instructional Design & Technology

Period of Preparation: 2010 – 2016

Comprehensive Examination Passed: April 2013





Substitute teachers are brought into a classroom in the absence of the permanent teacher to ensure continuous instruction occurs and students are afforded a safe learning environment (Duggleby & Badali, 2007). Most substitute teachers must immediately ask themselves two questions when they walk into the classroom: “Do I have control?” and “What am I supposed to do?” (Bontempo and Ardeth, 2003). Unfortunately, maintaining instructional continuity is not always possible simply due to the challenges substitute teachers must face in this position as a temporary teacher. The purpose of this study was to create an online orientation course to identify what instructional topics best prepare substitute teacher candidates to enter a K-12 public classroom.

Data were collected from the literature and participants to identify the skills they believed were needed to prepare substitute teachers for the classroom. The data collected guided the development of an online instructional intervention administered to 12 substitute teachers in a rural Mississippi high school. The results of the study aligned with the existing research and identified a need for continuous professional development in classroom management and teaching strategies to further develop and equip quality substitute teachers.

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